New Delhi : After having killed a low-orbit satellite with a space missile, India now seeks to give birth to a new surveillance satellite with a special mission of the Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle (PSLV) that has many firsts.
This will be the first time the Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) is inviting common people to view the launch. In another first, ISRO will attempt a mission where it seeks to place satellites in three orbits. "It's a way of optimising launch costs since it becomes a three-in-one mission," says ISRO chairman K Sivan.
India test-fired an anti-satellite (ASAT) missile on March 27 in Mission Shakti.
The PSLV launch on April 1 will hoist not one but 29 satellites in space. "The immediate mission what we are targeting is the PSLV C-45. This mission is special in the sense, for the first time PSLV will have a three-orbit mission in a single flight," said Mr Sivan.
"Initially, the first principle satellite will be launched in the 763-kilometre orbit, and subsequently the PS4 will be functioning two times to reduce the orbit to 504 kilometres. There, the PSLV will launch the 28-customer satellite and subsequently the PS4 will be burnt two times to reduce the orbit to 485 kilometres. There the PS4 will function as an orbital platform," the ISRO chief said.
"This time the orbital platform is powered by solar cells and not fully powered by batteries. The PS4 platform will have three payloads - one is from the Indian Institute of Space Technology that is what we are planning," Mr Sivan said.